Association of Critical Heritage Studies, Hangzhou, China, 1-6 September 2018


UNESCO frictions: the social lives of international heritage norms

UNESCO heritage policies are often associated with the spectre of cultural globalisation grounded on what Michael Herzfeld calls a  “global hierarchy of values”. Indeed, anthropological research on the social impact of the inscription on UNESCO World Heritage and Intangible Cultural Heritage lists provides evidence of the “UNESCOisation” (Berliner 2012) of local ways of representing culture and conceiving cultural transmission and emphasizes the top-down influence of “good” governance international principles on local logics and priorities.

At the same time, a close analysis of the institutional mechanisms and procedures underpinning the whole chainof the implementation of UNESCO heritage conventions sheds light on the agency of particular human and nonhuman actors involved in this process across the different scales of UNESCO-driven heritage governance : laws, institutions, policies, civil servants, local authorities, heritage experts, civil society, heritage “bearers”.

This session explores this agency, showing how international norms come to life through their national and local interpretations, uses and adaptations to different political, institutional, economic and socio-cultural situations.This session aims at exploring the different lives of international heritage norms focusing on the original outcome of the encounter between their universal aspirations and the diversity of the interpretations given to them, that is to say the “creative friction” (Tsing 2005) whichmakes these lives possible. We are interested in analyses that unpack the global/local dialectic looking in particular at the complex process of legislative, institutional, social and cultural translationsthat simultaneously globalize and localize international policies. How does the travel of an international standard change its meaning? How does an international norm engage and compromise with existing heritage regimes? What does the complexity of these practical interconnections tell us about the universal ambitions of global heritage governance?

Introduction (Chiara Bortolotto École des Hautes Études enSciences Sociales) 

ICH Backstage: Navigating the Heritage Bureaucracy in China (Philipp Demgenski École des Hautes Études enSciences Sociales)

Mobilizing for ICH safeguarding: The political and social  indigenization of UNESCO norms in China (Christina Maags SOAS, University of London)

When the connections are not obvious: diverted meanings in heritage-making between the global, the national and the local in Brazil (Simone Toji Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional (IPHAN) École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS))

Following the 2003 Convention social life in the Portuguese panorama ( Ana Carvalho, University of Évora, Portugal)

Intangible Heritage (Contra)Versions: From ‘Folklore’ into Best Safeguarding Practices (Pedro Antunes ISCTE-IUL; FCSH-UN

Space F(r)ictions. The Politics of Scale and the Unesco Intangible Cultural Heritage List (Bernard Debarbiex & Hervé Munz, University of Geneva)

The Flight of the Condor: A Letter, a Song, and a Couple of Lessons on Intangible Cultural Heritage (Valdimar Tr. Hafstein University of Iceland)

Negotiating methods and navigating positions: between expertise and research on UNESCO heritage policies

Kristin Kuutma and Chiara Bortolotto

This paper presents a first reflexive analysis of collaboration with our research partners within the UNESCO apparatus as a methodological approach to study International Organisations. By investigating UNESCO from within, we contemplate a world organisation as a field and elaborate on the method and accountability of anthropological approach. The discipline of social anthropology holds the study of organisations at the heart and has a long record of exploring organisations as sites where systems of meaning are produced and circulated. Our analysis is based on long lasting fieldwork and observant collaboration to explore policy-making and governance related to the UNESCO 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH). For us, the field has been a site for collecting data as well as a space that embodies strategic intervention in organisational activities, which allowed us to investigate procedural and arbitrational mechanisms or negotiations in order to unravel the entanglement of relationships at play and to recognize also subjective factors in the process. The international policy setting scene of the Intergovernmental Committee meetings to the Convention and its subsequent ad hoc consultative or subsidiary bodies becomes extended to organisational formats and policy-setting activities for implementing the Convention. By drawing on our outsider inquisitive perspective and insider collaborative approach, we propose to unravel different aspects and diverse experience in collaborating with the UN staff. We pose questions about positionality and the process of reflexive knowledge production.

 

Musique et patrimoine immatériel : le cas du “samba de roda” de Bahia

Conférence de Carlos Sandroni, « Midis de Brésil(s) ». Séminaire mensuel pour le débat brésilianiste coordonné par Amanda Dias, Camila Georgetti et Mônica Raisa Schpun

En 2004, le ministère de la Culture brésilien a décidé de soumettre à l’Unesco la « samba de roda » de la région du Recôncavo, dans l’État de Bahia, dans le but de l’inscrire sur la troisième Déclaration des œuvres du patrimoine immatériel de l’humanité. À cette fin, il a été nécessaire d’élaborer un dossier de candidature avec des informations, des photos, des vidéos et des enregistrements. Un ethnomusicologue a été recruté pour diriger la réalisation de ce dossier. Au cours de ce processus, d’innombrables questions ont émergé concernant la samba et la représentation des cultures subalternes, sur l’identité nationale, les politiques publiques liées au patrimoine culturel, et l’idée d’une ethnomusicologie « engagée ». La candidature brésilienne a été acceptée par l’Unesco à la fin de l’année 2005. Depuis lors, les débats autour de ces questions reste vivant et prend de nouvelles dimensions.

Lundi 28 mai 2018, de 12h à 14h
salle B204, EHESS

54 bd Raspail, Paris 6e

 

MUSIQUE ET “PATRIMOINE CULTUREL IMMATÉRIEL” AU BRÉSIL, 2004-2016

Séminaire lundi 5 mars 2018 de 14h00 à 16h00 en salle 308F de la Maison de l’Archéologie et de l’Ethnologie

Université Paris-X, Nanterre, Centre de Recherches en Ethnomusicologie (CREM)

Avec Carlos Sandroni, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

Les politiques pour la “sauvegarde du Patrimoine Culturel Immatériel” ont été mises en place par le Ministère de la Culture du Brésil depuis 2004. Ces politiques ont touché directement à plusieurs formes de musique et danse, dont le samba de roda de l’état de Bahia, le frevo et le maracatu l’état du Pernambouc, et le jongo des états de Rio de Janeiro et de São Paulo. Nous présenterons en quelques lignes ces différents processus de mise-en-patrimoine, puis discuterons comment ils ont affecté les façons de faire de la musique dans les groupes et communautés concernés.