Patrimônio e o futuro da autenticidade

Chiara Bortolotto, « Patrimônio e o futuro da autenticidade », Revista do Patrimonio, 2017, 36 : 23-37 [on line : http://portal.iphan.gov.br/uploads/publicacao/revpat_36.pdf]

Concebido historicamente como objeto de preservação, cujo monumento é o exemplo paradigmático, o patrimônio é doravante definido como um recurso dinâmico constantemente recriado em que o imperativo da transmissão do vivo faz do futuro o tempo forte do patrimônio. Essa transformação coloca à prova os princípios fundadores da instituição patrimonial, em primeiro lugar a noção de autenticidade. Dentre as inúmeras implicações da instituição do Patrimônio cultural imaterial (PCI) para pensar o futuro do patrimônio, a eliminação da autenticidade como critério para a identificação do patrimônio abre, assim, perspectivas inéditas que colocam um grande desafio à retórica patrimonial autorizada, ao introduzir novas ambiguidades. Baseado em uma etnografia da implementação da Convenção para a salvaguarda do patrimônio cultural imaterial (UNESCO, 2003), este artigo apresenta controvérsias surgidas em torno da noção proscrita de autenticidade, tanto no cenário internacional quanto em escalas nacionais e locais. Essas controvérsias permitem apreender, de modo situado, o problema da transformação em direção a um novo paradigma de patrimonialização em que o ideal de perenização é substituído por um imperativo moral de durabilidade que afasta o patrimônio do reino da conservação do passado e aproxima as questões patrimoniais àquelas da sobrevivência ecológica. Essa mudança tem efeitos sob o plano operacional da governança do patrimônio, pois implica novas abordagens para a sua gestão. Ela tem também um interesse antropológico mais geral, porque o questionamento dos princípios fundadores da instituição patrimonial ilustra a evolução de nossos modos de utilizar a cultura.

Immatériel, mais pas intouchable! Ce que les pratiques alimentaires « font » au patrimoine

Colloque: Gastropolitique et patrimoine alimentaire: recits, pratiques, valeurs, Paris, MNHS, 16-17 novembre 2017

En dépit des réticences de l’Unesco à l’égard des premièrestentatives visant à faire reconnaître les pratiques alimentaires comme relevant du domaine du « patrimoine culturel immatériel » (PCI), ces dernières constituent aujourd’hui une part importante, et croissante, des éléments inscrits sur les Listes du Patrimoine culturel immatériel de l’Humanité. Exemple paradigmatique des usages de la culture comme ressource, l’institution de cette typologie de patrimoine met au jour des enjeux fondamentaux comme le rôle du patrimoine dans le  développement durable ; les relations entre le patrimoine et le marché ; l’essor de l’entrepreneuriat patrimonial ; la revendication de droits de propriété intellectuelle. Notre contribution explore les diverses controverses suscitées par cette nouvelle « catégorie » patrimoniale, à partir de l’observation des débats qui ont eu lieu au sein du Comité intergouvernemental de sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Il s’agit, pour nous, de tenter de comprendre comment l’entrée de l’alimentation dans la sphère du patrimoine contribue à perturber, à renouveler ou à repenser la notion telle qu’elle avait été définie à partir du XIXe siècle.

Patrimoine et développement: le repas gastronomique des Français et l’art du pizzaiolo napolitain

Intervention au Master pro Industries culturelles France-ItalieSorbonne Nouvelle-Paris 3, Vendredi 27 octobre 

A partir de l’observation ethnographique de la fabrication du dossier du repas gastronomique des Francais nous explorerons le domaine grandissant du patrimoine culturel immatériel alimentaire dans le cadre de la Convention de l’Unesco pour la sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel. Une comparaison avec le dossier de l’art du pizzaiolo napolitain fera ressortir les enjeux économiques du patrimoine immatériel. Nous aborderons ainsi  la relation controversée entre sauvegarde du patrimoine culturel immatériel et développement durable.

 

CfP: Heritage, beyond materiality: intangible cultural heritage, collaborative methodologies and imaginations of the future

We would like to invite you to submit your paper proposals to the panel ‘Heritage, beyond materiality: intangible cultural heritage, collaborative methodologies and imaginations of the future ‘(P063). The panel is part of the Royal Anthropological Institute
(RAI)’s conference, The Art, Materiality and Representation, which will take place between the 1st and the 3rd of June 2018 at the British Museum, Clore Centre and SOAS, Senate
House.

The panel discusses the ways in which Intangible Cultural Heritage is defined, shaped and recognised by communities, researchers and policy-makers and the collaborations and creative (or not) frictions between them at local, national and international levels. Below you can find a more detailed overview of the panel and its scope.

Abstract:

This panel explores the relationship between Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH), collaborative methodologies and local identity construction. The analytical drive of this panel is that of looking at ideas of heritage not only through museum representation but through the practices themselves: the ways in which the ‘immaterial’ itself is constitutive of local and international representations of identity and belonging. Therefore, a central focus point is the shaping and understanding of ICH on a local level: the ways in which ICHs are defined, shaped and recognised by communities, local and interventional.

A second aim of the panel is to better understand the collaborative relationships embedded within ICH knowledge-making in connection with the collaborative (and, at times, conflictual) relationships between the former and the practices of defining them as ICH.

We therefore invite papers that engage critically with the ways in which ICHs are defined, shaped and reshaped locally, as well as with the political implications of these processes. Some questions to be explore can be: What are the consequences of economic and other forms of ‘crisis’ regarding ICH? How do members of local communities themselves shape the discourse surrounding practices and knowledge deemed as ICH as well as the forms of participation in ICH policy-making? Finally, can ICH be a platform through which a broader, global connection is established between communities sharing similar practices?

We welcome both theoretical and ethnographic studies of ICH, with a particular focus placed on collaboration between local communities, researchers and policy-makers.

*The Call for Papers is now open. It closes on 8 January 2018.*

All proposals must be sent via the online form that can be found on the
panel page: http://nomadit.co.uk/rai/events/rai2018/conferencesuite.php/panels/6120

Proposals should consist of a paper title, a (very) short abstract of 300
characters and an abstract of 250 words. On submission the proposal, the
proposing author will receive automated email confirming receipt. If you do
not receive this email, please first check the login environment (click
login on the left on the conference website) to see if your proposal is
there. If it is, it simply means confirmation got spammed or lost; and if
it is not, it means you need re-submit, as process went wrong somewhere.

Proposals will be marked as pending until the end of the Call for papers.
Decisions on the papers proposed will be communicated by 20 January 2018.
If you have any questions about the panel or the submission process, please do not hesitate to contact one of the panel convenors below

Many thanks,
The convenors

Raluca Roman (University of St Andrews), rr44@st-andrews.ac.uk

Panas Karampampas (EHESS), p.karampampas@ehess.fr